Eloise Viera

About Eloise Viera

Eloise Viera is a Sydney girl who loves playing basketball, tap dancing, reading a variety of books and doing craft. Her favourite books are the Harry Potter series, and she enjoys watching Doctor Who with her dad. She plays chess in school competitions, and her favourite school subjects are science, art and writing.

TBS Next Gen: Composting, not a pile of rubbish

What does the next generation think of today’s issues? The Big Smoke’s Next Gen program publishes Australian students mentored by TBS writers. Today, Eloise Viera (9) discusses her entry into the important world of compost, and why it should become the rule, not the exception.



Student: Eloise Viera
Mentor: Loretta Barnard
Topic: The benefits of composting

Did you have a banana today? Or maybe an apple? Well, what did you do with the skin or core? Most people would have put their banana skin or apple core in the rubbish bin. But did you know that there’s a better way? It’s called composting. This means putting your food scraps in a pile or special bin so they decompose into fertiliser that you can use to feed your garden.

What can you put in your compost? In addition to your banana skin and apple core, you can recycle every kind of fruit and vegetable, shredded paper, meat and bones, eggshells, vegetation, coffee and teabags. But you shouldn’t add too much meat because it can bring in maggots and make your compost smell. Things that shouldn’t go in the compost include plastic, milk cartons, coloured napkins and magazines, metal cans, glass jars, stickers, waxy party plates and dairy products.

Good compost has the right balance of green (nitrogen-rich) and brown (carbon-rich) material. Try one green portion (such as horse poo, vegetable scraps and grass cuttings) to two brown portions (such as dead leaves, woodchips and straw). Over a period of time, zillions of microorganisms (such as bacteria and fungi) and animals like worms in the compost pile help break down the mixture of green and brown material into food for your garden. I think that this process is amazing.

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So by composting, you’re helping to save the planet. Doesn’t that feel good?

Each person will throw away seven times his or her own weight in waste every year. Yes, seven! Around 25% of that waste is compostable. I can’t believe that we discard so much. You don’t have to go fully eco warrior like me to compost; you can do it on a small scale and still make a difference. All you have to do is follow these simple steps:

  1. Pick the kind of compost system that you would like, either an open pile or an enclosed bin. Regardless of what you choose, it should only be used for compost.
  2. Choose a place for your compost – somewhere outside that is flat, sunny and well drained, if possible.
  3. Put in the right things and in the right ratio – using layers of green and brown material – and wait. You’ll soon have a powerful fertiliser for your garden.

At school, we have a composting program that I think is fantastic. Each class has a red bucket that is put out at recess and lunch and the students place their fruit and vegetable scraps into the buckets. Then we take the buckets up to our big compost bin and tip in all the scraps. When the compost is ready, the gardening club spreads the compost over their ever-growing vegetable patch. If you’re a kid and you’re reading this, you can make a difference at your school. Ask your teacher whether your class can start a composting program. You can even begin composting at your home, with your parents’ help.

So now you know about composting, what are you going to do the next time you eat a banana or apple? If you don’t have a compost pile, start one. Encourage your family, school and council to go green. You can save the world, one fruit or vegetable scrap at a time!


This article is part of a series for The Big Smoke Next Gen.

The Big Smoke Next Gen is a program which matches professional and experienced writers, academics and journalists with students who wish to write non-fiction articles and voice their opinions on what is shaping the nation.

For more information about our program at The Big Smoke, or to become a mentor, please contact


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